Module Descriptions of A Look at Productive Tutoring Techniques

Click on the module number below to see a 1 - 2 minute sample. Within each module are several topics, and there are several examples from different tutoring sessions within each topic. A User's Guide accompanies the series.

 

Module / (Length) Title Description
1
(10:55)
The Tutor's Role An overview of the the tutor's main roles as a helper, a peer learner, a teacher, and a Tutorial Center employee.
2
(8:28)
Positive Reinforcement Examples of verbal and nonverbal positive reinforcement.  How to use positive reinforcement effectively.  Use of qualified positive reinforcement.
3
(11:07)
Listening Skills Examples of patience and active listening skills shown by good tutors.  Tutors shown waiting for students to ask questions and waiting for responses after asking questions.
4
(13:24)
The Student's Ideas Emphasizes the importance of building on the student's own ideas. Strategies include:  encouraging and acknowledging student ideas, yielding to student ideas, active listening by paraphrasing ideas, redirecting student questions, and delayed positive reinforcement.
5
(15:11)
Importance of Student Verbalization Demonstrates the importance of student verbalization for both student and tutor.  Advantages cited include giving the tutoring session a conversational quality, clarifying thinking, increasing the number of student questions, helping the tutor diagnose the learning difficulty, improving student confidence, and helping students answer their own questions.
6
(13:22)
Questioning Skills Use of questions for both diagnosis and teaching.  Questions classified as closed- or open-ended and by the first three levels of Bloom's taxonomy of the cognitive domain (memory, comprehension, and application).  Use of Socratic questioning to lead students to correct concepts and procedures.
7
(17:44)
Helping the Student Become an Independent Learner An emphasis on the long-term goal of tutoring--improving study skills so that the student becomes self-sufficient.  Strategies highlighted include: letting the student do the work; offering study tips, problem solving strategies, and test-taking strategies; referring to the text and notes; and encouraging the use of other campus study resources.  In addition, high structure and low structure tutoring sessions are contrasted.
8
(15:06)
Direct Techniques Traditional techniques used when students need more structure. Topics include: giving feedback, correcting errors, pacing explanations so that students can participate, including questions with explanations, using visuals and real life examples, and summarizing key points.